Solar Power (PV) 3.92 kW System: Key Attributes

Key Features

Solar power panels need the sun’s light so they only generate electricity during the day, so it’s most economical to install a system that can supply your expected daytime electricity usage. Our smallest solar power system needs just 10 sqm of roof space to generate around 30% of the average Australian household’s energy use. The more power you would like to generate the bigger the roof space you will need.

The ABB PVI-4.2-TL-OUTD inverter is well suited for most small to medium sized rooftop installations. This inverter has the option of running on either one or two strings. This is particularly useful for rooftop installations with two different orientations, e.g. East and West. 

Our extensive network of Solahart Experts are qualified to assess your home and provide you with the best systems to meet your family’s needs. Our installers are trained to the highest standards to ensure the safety and effectiveness of your system. All this is backed by our comprehensive warranties and the peace of mind you’ll get from dealing with Australia’s solar pioneer.

  •  Trouble Free - designed and engineered for Aussie conditions
  •  Independently rated as one of the highest performing panels.
  •  Transformerless Technology
  •  With connection for laptop or datalogger

* The suggested price is comprised of RRP less the applicable solar incentive and excluding installation. the solar incentive value applies to PVR3920A42 solar power system in Zone 3.

^ Energy savings of up to 5400 kWh/year is based on the average amount energy produced per year by the PVR3920A42 solar power system in Zone 3. Savings and incentives will vary depending upon your location, type of Solahart system installed, orientation and inclination of the solar panels. 

† Solahart Warranty Details:

  • Solar Panels: 10 years, 
  • Inverter and Racking: 5 years,
  • Labour: 5 years,
  • For full warranty details refer to the Solahart Owner’s Guide and Installation Instructions

PVR3920A42 Specifications

Solar Panel Specifications

Panel Electrical Characteristics
Maximum Power (Pmax)
Power Class
280W
0/+5W
Open Circuit Voltage (Voc) 39.2V
Short Circuit Current  (Isc) 9.44A
Maximum Power Voltage (Vmp) 31.9V
Maximum Power Current (Imp) 8.78A
Module Efficiency (%) 17
Temperature Coefficients  
PMPP
VOC
ISC
-0.39%/ ˚C
-0.31%/ ˚C
+0.045%/ ˚C
Maximum System Voltage  ( IEC ) 1000V

 

Panel Specifications
Dimensions 1665 mm x 991 mm x 38 mm
Weight 18 kg
Cell Type and configuration 120 REC HC multi-crystalline cells
6 strings of 20 cells
Glass 3.2mm solar glass with anti-reflection surface treatment
Back sheet Highly resistant polyester
Frame Anodised aluminium
Temperature range -40°C to + 85°C
Junction Box Protection Class IP 67
Connectors Multi-contact MC4
Part Number REC280TP
Solahart Warranty 10 years (5 years labour) on panels*

  

Solar Inverter Specifications

Technical data and types: PVI-4.2-TL-OUTD
Input Side
Absolute Maximum DC Input Voltage (Vmax,abs) 600 V
Start-up DC Input Voltage (Vstart) 200 V [adj. 120...350 V]
Operating DC Input Voltage Range (Vdcmin...Vdcmax) 0.7 x Vstart...580  V
Rated DC Input voltage (Vdcr) 360 V
Rated DC Input Power (Pdcr) 4375 W
Number of Independent MPPT 2
Maximum  DC Input Power for each MPPT (PMPPTmax) 3000 W

DC input voltage range with parallel configuration of MPPT at Pacr 140...530 V
DC Power Limitation for each MPPT with Independent
Configuration of MPPT at Pacr , max unbalance example
3000 W [190V≤VMPPT≤530V]
the other channel: Pdcr-3000W
[90V≤VMPPT≤530V]
Maximum DC Input Current (Idcmax) / for each MPPT (Impptmax) 32.0 A / 16.0 A
Maximum Input Short Circuit Current for each MPPT 20.0 A
Number of DC Inputs Pairs for each MPPT 2 for MPPT1 and 1 for MPPT2
DC Connection Type Tool Free PV Connector  MC4
Input Protection
Reverse Polarity Protection Yes, from limited current source
Input Over Voltage Protection  for each MPPT - Varistor Yes
Output Side
AC Grid Connection Type Single phase
Rated AC Power (Pacr@cosΦ=1) 4200 W
Maximum AC Output Power (Pacmax@cosΦ=1) 4600 W
Maximum Apparent Power (Smax) 4670 VA
Rated AC Grid Voltage (Vac,r) 230 V
AC Voltage Range 180...264 V(1)
Maximum AC Output Current (Iac,max) 20.0 A
Contributory Fault Current 20.0 A
Rated Output Frequency (fr) 50 Hz
Output Frequency Range (fmin...fmax) 47...53 Hz(2)
Nominal Power Factor and Adjustable Range > 0.995, adj. ± 0.9 with Pacr=4.2 kW
Total Current Harmonic Distortion < 3.5 %
AC Connection Type Screw terminal block, cable gland M25
Output Protection
Anti-Islanding Protection According to local standard
Maximum AC Overcurrent Protection 25.0 A
Output Overvoltage Protection - Varistor 2 (L - N / L - PE)
Operating Performance
Maximum Efficiency (ηmax) 96.8%
Weighted Efficiency (EURO) 96.0%
Feed In Power Threshold 10.0 W
Night Consumption < 0.4 W
Communication
Wired Local Monitoring PVI-USB-RS232_485 (opt.)
User Interface 16 characters x 2 lines LCD display
Wireless Local Monotoring VSN 300 WIFI Logger Card (opt.)
Environmental
Ambient Temperature Range -25...+60°C  with derating above 50°C
Relative Humidity 0...100% condensing
Noise Emission < 50 dB(A) @ 1m
Maximum Operating Altitude without Derating 2000 m
Physical
Environmental Protection Rating IP 65
Cooling Natural
Dimension (H x W x D) 618 mm x 325 mm x 222 mm
Weight 17.5 kg
Mounting System Wall bracket
Safety
Isolation Level Transformerless
Marking CE (50 Hz only) , RCM
Safety and EMC Standard EN 50178, IEC/EN 62109-1, IEC/EN 62109-2, AS/NZS 3100, EN 61000-6-1,
EN 61000-6-3, EN 61000-3-11, EN 61000-3-12
Grid Standard CEI 0-21, DIN V VDE V 0126-1-1, VDE-AR-N 4105,
G59/3, EN 50438 (not for all national appendices), RD
1699, RD 413, ITC-BT-40, IEC 61727, IEC 62116,
AS 4777.2, AS 4777.3
Product Details
Solahart Warranty 5 Years(3)

 1. The AC voltage range may vary depending on specific country grid standard. 2. The Frequency range may vary depending on specific country grid standard. 3. For full details see Solahart Owner’s Guide and Installation Instructions. Specifications and designs included in this datasheet are subject to change without notice.

 

How Solar Power (PV) Systems Work

Solar power panels generate electricity from sunlight. The roof mounted solar panels are made up of many photovoltaic (PV) cells. These cells collect the sun’s light and convert the energy into DC electricity. This is fed through an inverter and converted to 240V AC electricity to power your home.

The amount of electricity you can produce depends on the number and efficiency of the panels, the size of the inverter and the amount of sunlight in your location. Your home remains connected to the electricity grid so when you generate more electricity than you need you can feed it into the grid or purchase more from the grid when you are not producing enough to meet your requirements.

The Science Explained

The amount of energy from the sun that falls on Earth's surface is enormous. All the energy stored in Earth's reserves of coal, oil, and natural gas is matched by the energy from just 20 days of sunshine. Outside Earth's atmosphere, the sun's energy contains about 1,300 watts per square meter. About one-third of this light is reflected back into space, and some is absorbed by the atmosphere (in part causing winds to blow).

By the time it reaches Earth's surface, the energy in sunlight has fallen to about 1,000 watts per square meter at noon on a cloudless day. Averaged over the entire surface of the planet, 24 hours per day for a year, each square meter collects the approximate energy equivalent of almost a barrel of oil, or 4.2 kilowatt-hours of energy every day. Deserts, with very dry air and little cloud cover, receive the most sun—more than six kilowatt-hours per day per square meter

How does a solar cell turn sunlight into electricity?

The sun's light (and all light) contains energy. Usually, when light hits an object the energy turns into heat, like the warmth you feel while sitting in the sun. But when light hits certain materials the energy turns into an electrical current instead, which we can then harness for power. Solar technology uses large crystals made out of silicon, which produces an electrical current when struck by light. Silicon can do this because the electrons in the crystal get up and move when exposed to light instead of just vibrating in place to make heat. The silicon turns a good portion of light energy into electricity.

The most important components of a PV cell are two layers of semiconductor material generally composed of silicon crystals. On its own, crystallized silicon is not a very good conductor of electricity, but when impurities are intentionally added—a process called doping—the stage is set for creating an electric current. The bottom layer of the PV cell is usually doped with boron, which bonds with the silicon to facilitate a positive charge (P). The top layer is doped with phosphorus, which bonds with the silicon to facilitate a negative charge (N).

When sunlight enters the cell, its energy knocks electrons loose in both layers. Because of the opposite charges of the layers, the electrons want to flow from the n-type layer to the p-type layer, but the electric field at the P-N junction prevents this from happening. The presence of an external circuit, however, provides the necessary path for electrons in the n-type layer to travel to the p-type layer. Extremely thin wires running along the top of the n-type layer provide this external circuit, and the electrons flowing through this circuit provide the cell's owner with a supply of electricity.

How PV Cells Work

Most PV systems consist of individual square cells averaging about six inches on a side. Alone, each cell generates very little power (approximately four watts), so they are assembled together panels encased in glass and plastic to provide protection from the weather. These panels are either used as separate units or grouped into even larger arrays to form a solar power (PV) system.


Solar Power System Design

The Solahart Solar Power system is comprised of two main components; a string or array of photovoltaic panels and an inverter. The photovoltaic (PV) panels transform solar radiation into electrical energy in the form of direct current (DC). In order to utilise this energy and feed it back into the grid, the direct current is transformed into alternating current (AC) by the inverter. This conversion is also known as DC to AC inversion.

The alternating current generated by the inverter is fed into the main switchboard, which in turn is connected to the electricity grid. If the energy generated exceeds that required by property demands, your electrical network operator may allow the difference to be directly injected into the grid and become available to other users. Energy injected into the grid can be measured by electricity network operators as either gross (everything generated) or nett (excess generated). Injected energy may or may not be purchased by the local electrical network operator according to national and local standards, and regulations.

Solahart Canberra Alt Tag

PV Panel Orientation & Inclination

To maximize system output, install panels at optimum orientation and inclination (tilt) angles. The specifics of this will depend on the installation location and must be calculated by a qualified system designer. The ideal angle for mounting a panel should result in the sun’s rays falling perpendicular (i.e. at a 90° angle) to the panel surface.

Panels should be installed in a shade free position. Even minor or partial shading of the panels/array will reduce system output. A panel is considered shade free when it is both:

  • Free from shade or shadows all year round.
  • Exposed to several hours of direct sunlight, even during the shortest days

Brochures

Trouble-Free, Worry-Free PV: That’s the Solahart difference:Download

Why Solahart Solar Power?: Download

Solar Power FAQ: Download

Solahart Solar Power (PV) Panel: 290W Series: Download

Solahart Solar Power (PV) Panel: 280W Series: Download

Solahart Solar Power (PV) ABB INVERTER PVI-4.2-TL-OUTD Download

Installation Manuals

Solahart Single Phase PV Systems Owner's Guide: Download

Solahart Single Phase PV Systems Installation Manual: Download

Addendum - Earth Fault Alarm Instructions: Download

Solar Incentive Forms

Small-scale Technology Certificate Assignment Form: Download